One document that people who are invested in the official view of history really wish would disappear is the Piri Reis map.  It was drawn in 1513 by an Ottoman admiral.  Take a look at it.

piri reis

It seems to depict the coast of South America with a fair degree of accuracy.  People also point to the land mass at the bottom of the page as a possible depiction of Antarctica 300 years before it was discovered.  That’s a debate for a different time.  I actually don’t think this map is as controversial as some people make it out to be.  What I find most interesting is that Christopher Columbus was listed as the source of the America’s section of the map.

I’m very skeptical of the idea that Christopher Columbus discovered the America’s by accident on 1492.  I think some people have too romantic of a view of early explorers.  I was once guilty of this myself.  I tended to think of them a bit like a think of a paleontologist, relatively low-budget searchers of truth, digging for the big discovery that will make them famous.  In truth, these explorers were the NASAs of their day.  They represented big-money interests.  Only the mega wealthy could afford a boat and a crew to sail across the world.  Their sponsors were kings and queens.  And this was a pre-enlightenment period.  Most of these monarchs were not interested in truth for truths sake.  They were interested in enriching their kingdoms.  So if one of them discovered a new continent, I would expect them to keep it a secret rather than announce it to the world, and open it up to competition.

I’ll give you a summary of evidence of pre-Colombian contact with the new world. Almost every Native American civilization south of the Rio Grand has myths of white bearded gods arriving from the sea long ago.  Coca and tobacco (New World crops) were found in Egyptian tombs.  A tribe in the Amazon were recently found to have closely related DNA to Aboriginal Australians.  There are lexical matches between Polynesian and some South American languages.  The Valdivia people of Ecuador have a very similar style of pottery to and are genetically related to Japanese people.

The Vikings famously established a colony in Greenland around the year 1000.  They are believed to have made it as far as Newfoundland.  The Vikings had contact with other European powers at this time, especially in the British Isles.  It seems strange that they didn’t mention it to anyone else.

It is rumored that a Scottish nobleman named Henri Sinclair traveled the Iceland, Greenland and possibly Newfoundland in the 14th century. There is a church in Scotland called the Rosslyn Chapel that is said to depicted carvings of corn (although this is disputed).  It was built by Sinclair’s grandson.

Rosslyn-South-Aisle-window-3-section

Rosslyn chapel was built around the same time the Nights Templar were expelled by the Vatican.  It has been rumored that Columbus had ties to the Nights Templar.  He sailed with their symbol, the Maltese cross, on his sails.

columbus-ships-color1

Others have speculated that perhaps he was working for the Vatican.  The Vatican archives are housed in a top secret library with 53 miles of shelf space.  It’s almost impossible for researchers to gain access to it, and it is impossible to browse.  You must apply to view a specific document and are only allowed to view that one document while inside.  I wonder whether or not they first emptied out the library of Alexandria before torching it.

There are so many different theories it is difficult to get into to all of them.  But in short, I’m doubtful that Columbus set off across the Atlantic not knowing where he would end up.  It makes sense that corrupt 15th century popes, secret societies and monarchs would lie about this.  What I don’t understand is why modern historians would be so intent on covering their asses.